Introduction, Definitions and Concepts: System, Surroundings, Thermodynamic Property, Heat, Energy, Work. First Law of Thermodynamics and Its Applications. Thermodynamic State and State Functions, Thermodynamic Equilibrium, Phase Rule. Working Fluid, Ideal Gas Properties, PVT Behaviour of Pure Substances, Reversible and Irreversible Processes, Various Heat Effects, Combustion. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Limitation of First Law, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius Statements, Carnot cycle, Thermodynamic Temperature Scale, Entropy, Irreversibility, Lost Work, Exergy. Third Law of Thermodynamics. Steam Cycle- Rankine Cycle, Refrigeration and Heat Pumps, Liquefaction of Gases, JouleKelvin Effect. Compressible Flow, Nozzles, Turbines, Expanders. Virial Equation and its Applications, Cubic Equations of State, Generalized Correlations for Gases and Liquids. Properties of Pure Substances, Properties of Gases and Gas Mixtures, Residual Properties, Thermodynamic Equations: Maxwell’s Equation, Energy Equation. Vapour Liquid Equilibria (VLE): Raoult’s Law, K-Value. Solution Thermodynamics: Theory and Applications, Chemical Potential, Partial Properties, Fugacity and Fugacity Coefficient, Excess Properties. Mixing Effects. Gamma/Phi Formulation of VLE. Chemical Reaction Equilibrium.