| Department of Chemical Engineering

B.Tech. in Chemical Engineering

Graduation with the B.Tech in Chemical Engineering degree requires a minimum of 160 credits. Of these, 106 credits are earned in the Core and 12 credits in Major Electives, and remaining 42 credits via University Wide Electives (UWE) and the Core Common Curriculum (CCC) with a minimum of 18 credits from each.

Total Credits


Core Credits


Major Electives


CCC + UWE credits

Core & Elective Courses

Core Courses

Course code
Essentials of Biology

Unit I: Basic Cell, Molecular Biology and Genetics
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes, Introduction to Microbiology, Cell organelles, Biochemistry of macro molecules (Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic acids), Principles of Genetics (mendelian inheritance, concept of gene, Mutation, chromosomal abberations), Cell cycle, Cell division.

Central Dogma of Molecular Biology (Replication,Transcription,Translation and Gene expression), Introduction to Genomics, Transcriptomics and Proteomics, Basics of cloning, Cancer, Biosensors, Bio artificial organs. Applications of engineering in biology.
Instrumental techniques: Microscopy, Centrifugation, PCR, Gel Electrophoresis

Engineering Mechanics

Fundamentals of Mechanics, Equivalent Force-Couple Systems, Simple Resultant, Equilibrium of 2D and 3D Systems, Truss, Friction, Methods of Virtual Work and Potential Energy,

Dynamics and Vibrations.

For detailed syllabus click here

Fluid Mechanics

A quantitative introduction to the theoretical and physical principles in fluid mechanics that are of fundamental importance to chemical engineers. The course is intended to be a first course in fluid mechanics for undergraduate 2nd year students in chemical engineering.
The course will begin by introducing the necessary fundamental concepts of fluid flow, and proceed to cover both macroscopic (i.e. integral balances) and microscopic (i.e. differential balances) approaches to analyse various fluid ow phenomena encountered in chemical engineering applications.
Some specific applications that will be covered in detail are:
Pipe flows, fittings and friction factor charts
Fow past immersed bodies: drag forces, settling
Flow through packed beds and fluidized beds
Fluid transportation (pumps, compressors and valves)
Flow measurement techniques, and
Agitation and mixing

Chemical Engg. Thermodynamics

Introduction, Definitions and Concepts: System, Surroundings, Thermodynamic Property, Heat, Energy, Work. First Law of Thermodynamics and Its Applications. Thermodynamic State and State Functions, Thermodynamic Equilibrium, Phase Rule. Working Fluid, Ideal Gas Properties, PVT Behaviour of Pure Substances, Reversible and Irreversible Processes, Various Heat Effects, Combustion. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Limitation of First Law, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius Statements, Carnot cycle, Thermodynamic Temperature Scale, Entropy, Irreversibility, Lost Work, Exergy. Third Law of Thermodynamics. Steam Cycle- Rankine Cycle, Refrigeration and Heat Pumps, Liquefaction of Gases, JouleKelvin Effect. Compressible Flow, Nozzles, Turbines, Expanders. Virial Equation and its Applications, Cubic Equations of State, Generalized Correlations for Gases and Liquids. Properties of Pure Substances, Properties of Gases and Gas Mixtures, Residual Properties, Thermodynamic Equations: Maxwell’s Equation, Energy Equation. Vapour Liquid Equilibria (VLE): Raoult’s Law, K-Value. Solution Thermodynamics: Theory and Applications, Chemical Potential, Partial Properties, Fugacity and Fugacity Coefficient, Excess Properties. Mixing Effects. Gamma/Phi Formulation of VLE. Chemical Reaction Equilibrium.

Material and Energy Balance

Unit 1(Lecturer 1-3)
 Units and Dimensions, Conversion of Units and conversion factors, Dimensional consistency and Mole unit, Density, specific gravity, mole Fraction and mass fraction, Concentration, Temperature and pressure.
Unit 2 (Lecturer 4-8)
 Basis, General Material Balance, Material Balance without chemical reaction, Material Balance with chemical reaction, Material balances with multiple subsystems.
Unit 3 (Lecturer 8-14)
 Recycle bypass and purge calculations, Ideal gas calculations, Ideal gas mixtures and partial pressure, Vapor pressure, saturation, partial saturation and humidity.
Unit 4 (Lecturer 15-21)
 The General Energy balance, Calculations of enthalpy changes, Enenrgy balances that account for chemical reactions.
Unit 5 (Lecturer 22-28)
 Heat of solution and mixing, Humidity charts and their use, Analyzign the degree of freedom in a steady state process, solving material and energy balance using flow sheeting codes.

Mechanical Operations

Course description not available.

Industrial and Engg. Chemistry

Course description not available.

Heat Transfer

Course Objectives
The objective of this course is to extend the thermodynamic analysis through study of the modes of heat transfer and through development of relations to calculate heat transfer rates. The course will introduce the fundamental concepts of various modes of heat transfer. It will further elaborate these concepts with theories and applications to the solutions of practically relevant chemical engineering problems. Some aspects of process design principles of various heat transfer equipment will be taken up in the later part of this course. Finally, to present a physical picture of the convection process, heat transfer in boundary layer flows will be addressed. We do so by appreciating the physical mechanisms that underlie heat transfer processes and the relevance of these processes to our industrial and environmental problems.
General Principals of heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation heat transfer. Conduction- Fouriers law of heat conduction, steady state conduction in one dimension with out heat source e.g. Through plain wall ,cylindrical & spherical surfaces, thermal insulations, properties of insulating materials.
Convection- Natural & forced convection, concept of thermal boundary layer, laminar & turbulent flow heat transfer inside and out side tubes, dimensional analysis, determination of individual & overall heat transfer coefficients and their temperature dependency. Heat exchangers- Types of heat exchangers like double pipe, shell & tube, plate type, extended surface, their construction and operation, basic calculations on heat exchangers.
Radiation- Basic laws of radiation heat transfer, black body & grey body concepts, view factor, combined heat transfer coefficients by convection and radiation. Introduction to unsteady state heat transfer.
Heat transfer with phase change- condensation of pure and mixed vapours, film wise and drop wise condensation, calculations on condensers, heat transfer in boiling liquids, nucleate & film boiling.

Chemical Reaction Engg. I

Introduction to chemical reaction engineering, rate equations, conversion and reactor sizing for single and multiple reactions, kinetics of homogeneous reactions, derivation of reactor design equations, analysis and sizing of reactors, data collection and plotting to determine rate constants, reactor networks (series/parallel), reaction mechanisms, temperature and pressure effects on reactions and reactor design, simultaneous material and energy balances, multiple steady-states, residence time distributions in non-ideal reactors.

Chemical Reaction Engg.-II

Introduction to residence time distribution, characterization, diagnosis, conversion using RTS, Models for non-ideal reactors, catalyst, step reaction, synthesis of rate law, reaction mechanism and rate limiting step, catalyst deactivation, diffusion effects on reaction and with catalyst of different shapes and sizes, Falsified kinetics and effectivenss factor, mass transfer and reaction in Packed bed reactors

Mass Transfer - I

• The general objectives of Mass Transfer Operations-I are to discuss the fundamental concepts of mass transfer principles and to apply those concepts to real engineering problems. • This course will provide an overview of mass transfer operations at basic to an intermediate level. Coverage will be relatively broad. • This course applies the concepts of diffusion mass transfer, mass transfer coefficients, convective mass transfer, interphase mass transfer, equipment for gas-liquid operations, absorption, and distillation. • Each topic will be covered in logical sequence with relevant examples. • The goal is to provide students with the theoretical/analytical background to understand mass transfer operations and to tackle the sort of complex problems.

Mass Transfer - II

Mass Transfer - II

Chemical Engg. Laboratory - I

Course Summary

This course supplements the understanding of fluid flow/ heat transfer problems achieved during the undergraduate Fluid Mechanics (FM) and Heat Transfer (HT) course through live examples. This lab course involves performing the experiments utilising the taught principles.

Course Aims

To enable students to relate and develop their understanding of theoretical concepts taught in the lectures through the respective experiments.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of the course, the students will:
1. have an improved understanding of the principles of FM and HT;
2. learn how to conduct an experiment for fluid flow and heat exchange related problems;
3. apply basic principles to solve real life problem based on FM and HT;
4. be able to record experimental data, interpret and represent conclusive findings; and
4. be able to design simple experimental setups.

Curriculum Content

List of experiments for Fluid Mechanics:

Obstruction type flow meters
Pressure measurements
Bernoulli’s theorem
Reynolds experiment and determination of friction factor
Pipe flow

List of experiments for Heat Transfer:

Heat conduction: Composite wall and lagged pipe
Heat conduction: Heat transfer through pin fin apparatus
Heat convection: Heat transfer in natural and forced convection
Heat radiation: Emissivity measurement
Parallel and counter flow heat exchanger

Teaching and Learning Strategy

The course entails conducting practical experiments. The subjective concepts have been covered in previous semesters in dedicated courses.
Teaching and Learning Strategy Description of Work Class Hours Out-of-Class Hours
Practical sessions Performing experiments 2 hours/week 0 hour/week


Assessment Scheme

Type of Assessment Description Percentage
Pre-experimental quiz Continuous evaluation for all experiments 20
Experiments, laboratory reports Performing experiments and its continuous evaluation and writing final report. 50
End-sem viva Final practical exam with viva 30
Total 100%

R. W. Fox and A. T. McDonald, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
Frank M. White, Fluid Mechanics
W. L. McCabe, W. L. Smith, and P. Harriot, Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering
R. B. Bird, W. L. Stewart and E. L. Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena
JP Holman, Heat Transfer
Incropera Dewitt, Principles of Heat and Mass Transfer

Chemical Engg. Laboratory - II

Course description not available.

Process Dynamics and Control

Process Dynamics and Control

Transport Phenomenon

Kinematics, transport theorem, convective momentum, and energy, mass transport, momentum transport and energy transport, Continuity equation for multi-component system, constitutive relations, boundary layer theory, turbulence, Energy transport by radiation.

Chemical Technology

Unit operations and unit processes, functions of chemical engineer, new emerging areas: Study of the following chemical industries/processes involving process details, production trends, thermodynamic considerations, material and energy balances, flow sheets, engineering problems pertaining to material of construction, waste regeneration/ recycling, and safety, environmental and energy conservation measures.  Industrial gases: hydrogen, producer gas, and waste gas. Nitrogen industries: Ammonia, nitric acid, nitrogenous and mixed fertilizers, Chlor-Alkali industries: Common salt, caustic soda, chlorine, hydrochloric acid, soda ash, Sulphur industries: Sulphuric acid, oleum.  Cement industries: Portland cement, Petrochemicals: Formaldehyde, ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol, acrylonitrile, styrene, butadene, Agrochemicals: Important pesticides, BHC, DDT, Malathion, Alcohol industries: Industrial alcohol, Absolute alcohol, Oil, Fats and waxes, soaps and detergents, pulp and paper industry.

Process Equipment Design

Introduction to various codes (ASTM, API.) used in chemical process industries and their application. Basic Engineering design approach and select ion of pressure vessel components such as Head, closure, flanges, gasket, nozzles etc, Design of process vessel support Mechanical design of process equipment such as pressure vessel, shell & tube Heat Exchanger, plate and packed tower, reactors. Material specification.

Chemical Process Safety

(A high level overview of the aims of the course, student activities, nature of assessment.)
Chemical Process Industry deals with extremes of temperature, pressure, toxicity, corrosiveness, viscosity, etc. while supplying almost all the daily needs. It plays a vital role in economic development of a nation by giving employment to millions and earning foreign exchange by exports. Any major accident can be fatal to workers as well as to the particular company. It is essential that students graduating with Chemical Engineering Degree have sufficient knowledge of the situations that can arise, how to prevent them and minimize their consequences if accidents do happen. The concerns have increased due to possible deliberate actions of disgruntled persons to cause harm. The course aims to equip students with requisite knowledge. The learning process will involve lectures by instructor and industry experts, home assignments, term project and exams. These will be used for assessment.

Minor Project

Minor Project

Chemical Engg. Laboratory- III

Course description not available.

Major Project

Major Project

Chemical Principles

This course will focus on introductory chemical principles, including periodicity, chemical bonding, molecular structure, equilibrium and the relationship between structure and properties. Students will explore stoichiometric relationships in solution and gas systems which are the basis for quantifying the results of chemical reactions. Understanding chemical reactivity leads directly into discussion of equilibrium and thermodynamics, two of the most important ideas in chemistry. Equilibrium, especially acid/base applications, explores the extent of reactions while thermodynamics helps us understand if a reaction will happen. The aim of the laboratory will be to develop your experimental skills, especially your ability to perform meaningful experiments, analyze data, and interpret observations. This is a required course for Chemistry majors, but also satisfies UWE requirements for non-majors.


  1. Atomic structure, Periodic table, VSEPR, Molecular Orbital theory, and biochemistry:
    1. Introduction: why chemistry in engineering? Concept of atom, molecules, Rutherford’s atomic model, Bohr’s model of an atom, wave model, classical and quantum mechanics, wave particle duality of electrons, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Quantum-Mechanical Model of Atom, Double Slit Experiment for Electrons, The Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen atoms, de Broglie wavelength, Periodic Table.
    2. Schrodinger equation (origin of quantization), Concept of Atomic Orbitals, representation of electrons move in three-dimensional space, wave function (Y), Radial and angular part of wave function, radial and angular nodes, Shape of orbitals, the principal (n), angular (l), and magnetic (m) quantum numbers, Pauli exclusion principle.
    3. Orbital Angular Momentum (l), Spin Angular Momentum (s), spin-orbit coupling, HUND’s Rule, The aufbau principle, Penetration, Shielding Effect, Effective Nuclear Charge, Slater’s rule.
    4. Periodic properties, Ionization Energies of Elements, Electron affinities of elements, Periodic Variation of Physical Properties such as metallic character of the elements, melting point of an atom, ionic and covalent nature of a molecule, reactivity of hydrides, oxides and halides of the elements.
    5. Lewis structures, Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR), Valence-Bond theory (VB), Orbital Overlap, Hybridization, Molecular Orbital Theory (MO) of homo-nuclear and hetero-nuclear diatomic molecules, bonding and anti-bonding orbitals.
    6. Biochemistry: Importance of metals in biological systems, Fe in biological systems, Hemoglobin, Iron Storage protein - Ferritin]

2. Introduction to various analytical techniques:

UV-Visible Spectroscopy, IR Spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, X-Ray crystallography

Spectroscopy: Regions of Electromagnetic Radiation, Infra-Red (IR) Spectroscopy or Vibrational Spectroscopy of Harmonic oscillators, degree of freedom, Stretching and Bending, Infrared Spectra of different functional groups such as OH, NH2, CO2H etc., UV-Vis Spectroscopy of organic molecules, Electronic Transitions, Beer-Lambert Law, Chromophores, principles of NMR spectroscopy, 1H and 13C-NMR, chemical shift, integration, multiplicity,

X-ray crystallography: X-ray diffraction, Bragg’s Law, Crystal systems and Bravais Lattices

  1. The Principles of Chemical Equilibrium, kinetics and intermolecular forces:
  • Heat & Work; State Functions
  • Laws of thermodynamics
  • Probability and Entropy
  • Thermodynamic and Kinetic Stability
  • Determination of rate, order and rate laws
  • Free Energy, Chemical Potential, Electronegativity
  • Phase Rule/Equilibrium
  • Activation Energy; Arrhenius equation
  • Catalysis: types; kinetics and mechanisms
  • Electrochemistry
  • Inter-molecular forces

 4. Introduction to organic chemistry, functional group and physical properties of organic compounds, substitution and elimination reaction, name reactions and stereochemistry

Texts & References:

  1. Chemical Principles - Richard E. Dickerson, Harry B. Gray, Jr. Gilbert P. Haight
  2. Valence - Charles A. Coulson [ELBS /Oxford Univ. Press]
  3. Valence Theory - J. N. Murrell, S. F. A. Kettle, J. M. Tedder [ELBS/Wiley]
  4. Physical Chemistry - P. W. Atkins [3rd Ed. ELBS]
  5. Physical Chemistry - Gilbert W. Castellan [Addison Wesley, 1983]
  6. Physical Chemistry: A Molecular Approach -Donald A. McQuarrie, J.D . Simon
  7. Inorganic Chemistry:  Duward Shriver and Peter Atkins.
  8. Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure and Reactivity by James E. Huheey,
  9. Ellen A. Keiter and Richard L. Keiter.
  10. Inorganic Chemistry: Catherine Housecroft, Alan G. Sharpe.
  11. Atkins' Physical Chemistry, Peter W. Atkins, Julio de Paula.
  12. Strategic Applications of Named Reactions in Organic Synthesis, Author: Kurti Laszlo et.al
  13. Classics in Stereoselective Synthesis, Author: Carreira Erick M & Kvaerno Lisbet
  14. Molecular Orbitals and Organic Chemical Reactions Student Edition, Author: Fleming Ian
  15. Logic of Chemical Synthesis, Author: Corey E. J. & Xue-Min Cheng
  16. Art of Writing Reasonable Organic Reaction Mechanisms /2nd Edn., Author: Grossman Robert B.
  17. Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach/ 2nd Edn., Author: Warrer Stuart & Wyatt Paul

Other reading materials will be assigned as and when required.

Prerequisite: None.

Introduction to Computing and Programming

This course briefs about Computer Structure, the Algorithmic approach to solve a problem, basic introduction to computers and its corresponding concepts for the benefit of students. Apart from this, programming concepts are also discussed in this course using C programming language.

Mathematical Methods I

Mathematical Methods I


In this course we study multi variable calculus. Concepts of derivatives and integration will be developed for higher dimensional space. This course has direct applications in most of engineering applications.


• Midterm 1 (20 %)
• Midterm 2 (20 %)
• End term ( 30 % )
• Tutorial quizzes ( 20 %)
• HW 10 %

Mathematical Methods II

Mathematical Methods II

MATHEMATICAL METHODS III ? Probability and Statistics

Core course for B.Tech. except Computer Science. Not available as UWE.

Credits (Lec:Tut:Lab)= 3:0:0 (3 lectures weekly)

Prerequisites: MAT 103 (Mathematical Methods I)

Overview:  Probability is the means by which we model the inherent randomness of natural phenomena. This course introduces you to a range of techniques for understanding randomness and variability, and for understanding relationships between quantities. The concluding portions on Statistics take up the problem of testing our theoretical models against actual data, as well as applying the models to data in order to make decisions.

Detailed Syllabus:

  1. Probability: sample space and events, classical and axiomatic probability, permutations and combinations, conditional probability, independence, Bayes’ formula 
  2. Random Variables: discrete and continuous probability distributions, mean and variance, binomial and Poisson, normal, joint distributions, covariance, correlation and regression (linear) 
  3. Mathematical Statistics: exploring data, random samples, point estimation, Central limit theorem, Maximum likelihood, chi-square, t and F-distributions, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing


  1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig, Wiley.
  2. Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists by Sheldon Ross, 2nd edition, Harcourt Academic Press.
  3. Theory and Problems of Beginning Statistics by L. J. Stephens, Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw-Hill
  4. John E. Freund’s Mathematical Statistics with Applications by I. Miller & M. Miller, 7th edition, Pearson, 2011.

Past Instructors: Charu Sharma, Niteesh Sahni, Suma Ghosh

Manufacturing Processes

Unit-I Carpentry Shop – Basic concepts, Types of woods and their properties, Seasoning of wood, Carpentry tools, Carpentry Processes, Carpentry joints Fitting Bench Working Shop – Introduction, Vices, Fitting tools, Fitting Processes
Unit-II Welding Shop - Introduction to welding, Weldability, Types of welding, Metallurgy of Weld, Arc Welding, Resistance Welding, Spot Welding Machine Shop - Introduction to machine tools and machining processes; Types of cutting tools, Selection of cutting speeds and feed, Simple machining operations on Lathe
Unit-III Metal Forming: Basic metal forming operations & uses of such as: Forging, Rolling, Wire & Tubedrawing/making and Extrusion, and its products/applications. Press-work, & die & punch assembly, cutting and forming, its applications. Hot-working versus cold-working.
Misc. Processes: Powder-metallurgy process & its applications, Plastic-products manufacturing, Galvanizing and Electroplating.
Unit-IV Sheet Metal Shop -Introduction to sheet metal shop, Metals used in sheet metal works, Hand tools and accessories e.g. different types of hammers, hard and soft mallet, Sheet Metal operation, Sheet Metal Joints Hems and Seams, Sheet metal allowance, Sheet Metal working machines Foundry Shop – Introduction, Pattern Materials, Method of constructing a pattern, Moulding Processes.

Descriptive engg. drawing

Introduction to graphical representation using free hand drawing and computer-aided drafting. Engineering graphics covers basic engineering drawing techniques such as Lines & Lettering, Geometrical Constructions, Orthographic and Isometric Projections, Sectional views, and Dimensioning. This course uses the latest release of computer-aided design (CAD) software commonly used in industry to introduce students to CAD interface, structure, and commands. An introduction to 3D printing will also be give, Students will draw the above mentioned projections and constructions on A1/A2 size drawing sheets, and later in AutoCAD. At the end of the course, students will be given a chance to print their models made on AutoCAD using a 3D printer. Students would be judged on mostly timely submissions of the Drawing Sheets (Assignments) and AutoCAD models, and a Major Exam during the semester.

Materials Science & Engg.

Chapter-1: Introduction Material science and engineering, Classification of engineering materials, Structureproperty relationship, Bonding forces and energies, Equilibrium and kinetics, Stability and Meta-stability, Basic thermodynamic functions, Entropy, Kinetics of thermally activated processes
Chapter-2: Crystal Geometry and Structure Determination Geometry of crystal, Space lattice, Crystal structure, Crystal directions and planes, Structure determination by X-ray diffraction, atomic structure and chemical bonding Chapter-3: Crystal Imperfections Defects in materials, Point defects, Dislocations, Properties of dislocations, Dislocation theory Surface imperfections
Chapter-4: Phase Diagrams The phase rule, Single-component systems, Binary-phase diagrams, Iron-Carbon Phase diagram, Microstructural changes during cooling, The lever rule.
Chapter-5: Phase Transformations
Time-scale for phase change, Nucleation and grain growth, Nucleation kinetics, Overall transformation kinetics, Applications, Recovery, recrystallization and grain growth, Diffusion
Chapter-6: Plastic Deformation in Crystalline Materials Plastic deformation by slip, Shear strength of perfect and real crystals, Critical resolved shear stress for slip, Stress to move a dislocation, Effect of temperature on dislocation movement, Dislocation multiplication, Work hardening and dynamic recovery
Chapter-7: Strengthening Mechanisms in Materials Introduction, strengthening from grain boundaries, Solid solution strengthening, strengthening by fine particles, Strain hardening, Bauschinger effect
Chapter-8: Material Properties Concept of stress and strain, True stress and strain, Compressive, shear and torsional deformation, Hardness, Ductile and brittle fracture, Cyclic stresses, S-N Curve

Introduction to Physics I

The aim of this course is to bridge the gap between the various boards across the country at 10+2 level and bring everyone at the standard undergraduate level. All the engineering branches have their origin in the basic physical sciences. In this course we aim to understand the basic physical laws and to develop skills for application of various physical concepts to the science and engineering through problem solving. This will involve the use of elementary calculus like differentiation and integration.   

Detailed Syllabus        

Mechanics: The inertial reference frames, Newton’s laws of motion in vector notation, Conservation of energy, Application of Newton’s laws of motion, Dynamical stability of systems: Potential energy diagram, Collisions: Impulse, conservation of energy and linear, momentum, Conservation of angular momentum and rotation of rigid bodies in plane Thermal Physics: Averages, probability and probability distributions, Thermal equilibrium and macroscopic variables, Pressure of an ideal gas from Newton’s laws - the kinetic theory of gases. Maxwell’s velocity distribution, Laws of Thermodynamics and the statistical origin of the second law of thermodynamics, Application of thermodynamics: Efficiency of heat engines and air-conditioners, Thermodynamics of batteries and rubber bands

Introduction to Physics II

This is a continuation of PHY 101 and is meant for engineers and non-physics majors. The course will introduce students to Electricity and Magnetism, Maxwell’s equations, Light as an electromagnetic wave, and Wave optics. 
Vector calculus: Gradient, Divergence, Curl and fundamental theorems of vector calculus. Basic laws in electricity and magnetism, Classical image problem, displacement current and continuity equation, Maxwell’s Equations, electromagnetic wave equation and its propagation in free space, conducting media and dielectric medium, Poynting theorem, Electromagnetic spectrum. 
Wave Optics: 
Interference of light waves: Young’s double slit experiment, displacement of fringes, Interference in thin films 
Diffraction: Fresnel’s and Fraunhofer’s class of diffraction, diffraction from single, double & N- Slits, Gratings. 
Polarization: Concept of Polarization in electromagnetic waves, types of polarized waves.

Elective Courses

Course code
Numerical Methods

Estimation, round-off and truncation error calculations. Solving non-linear algebraic equations with the help of root finding methods like Bisection Method, Newton-Raphson Method etc. Solution of linear algebraic equations via Gauss elimination, LU decomposition, matrix inversion, Gauss-Seidel method etc. Regression and Interpolation. Numerical Integration and differentiation. Solution of ordinary differential equations encountered in initial/ boundary value problems via implicit and explicit methods. Solution of partial differential equations by numerical methods. Chemical engineering problems where the above mentioned numerical schemes are involved will be illustrated in details.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Introduction of CFD, its Scope and Limitations. Review of Basic Fluid Mechanics, Governing (Navier-Stokes) Equations. Finite Volume Method (FVM) for Diffusion Problems: 1D, 2D, 3D: Steady State Diffusion and Heat Conduction Problems. FVM for Convection-Diffusion Problems – 1D, 2D, 3D: Different Differencing Schemes - Central, Upwind etc. Solution Algorithm for Pressure-Velocity Coupling in Steady Flows – 1D, 2D, 3D: SIMPLE, SIMPLER, SIMPLEC. Solution of Discretized Equations- Source Term Linearization, Tri-Diagonal Matrix Algorithm (TDMA), Jacobi Iterations, Gauss-Seidel Iteration, Multigrid Technique. FVM for Unsteady Flow – Cranck-Nicolson Scheme, Fully Implicit Scheme, etc. Implementation of Different Types of Boundary Conditions – Inlet, Outlet, Wall, Constant Pressure, Symmetry, Periodic/Cyclic. Errors and Uncertainties in CFD Modelling. Illustrate Flow Computations Using Code Writing, Through Commercial CFD Software and Post Processing.

Mod. & Sim. of Chem. Engg. Sys

 Introduction to Process Modeling and Simulation • Industrial usages of Modeling and Simulation • Fundamental Laws  Conservation of Mass (Continuity Equation)
 Conservation of Momentum (Equation of Motion)  Conservation of Energy  Transport Equations  Equations of State (EOS)  Equilibrium Relationships  Chemical Kinetics
 Mathematical Modeling of Chemical Engineering Systems • Batch Reactors • CSTRs (single and series combinations) • Multi-component Flash Drum • Batch Distillation • Ideal Binary Distillation Column • Other equipments
 Computer Simulations • Introduction to Simulation Techniques • Numerical Methods  Iterative Convergence Methods o Interval Halving o Newton-Raphson o Muller Method, etc.  Numerical Integration of ODEs
 Simulation of Models Developed for Chemical Engineering Systems • Three CSTRs in series • Gravity Flow Tanks • Batch and Continuous Reactors • Distillation Columns (Binary and Multicomponent)

Process Engineering

 Concept of commissioning, Hierarchy of decisions, HAD separation system, Engineering economics: operating cost, total capital investment(TCI), fixed capital investment (FCI), working capital investment(WCI), TPC, Depreciation, Cash flow, Time value for money, Annuities, Measurement of profitability.  Input information at design stage, application of hierarchy of decisions, Column sequencing, Heat exchanger network synthesis(HENS), Pinch Design Method, Tranship method, Application of mixed integer programming to solve design problem.